If your fine was issued by a court, see Court fine FAQs.
If you failed to vote in the 2020 local government elections, and you did not resolve your fine with the Victorian Electoral Commission (VEC), a Notice of Final Demand is issued by Fines Victoria.
After you did not vote, an Apparent Failure to Vote Notice would have been sent to you by the VEC, to give you the opportunity to explain.
After this notice was sent, if:
an Infringement Notice would then have been issued to you.
If you did not pay this Infringement Notice, a Penalty Reminder Notice was issued.
If you still did not pay, the fine was then registered with Fines Victoria. A Notice of Final Demand has now been issued to you.
If you have received a Notice of Final Demand, you can:
For more information, see Notice of Final Demand.
No – once a matter is registered with Fines Victoria, the VEC cannot consider requests for payment plans, payment extensions or reviews.
For more information regarding fines issued for this election, please visit Victorian Electoral Commission.
If you would like to pay your fine by an option not shown on the fine, such as BPay, and you need an obligation number, you can call Fines Victoria on 03 9200 8111. Once the fine has been entered into our system (please allow 2 business days), we should be able to provide you with the obligation number.
If you, as the seller, receive traffic infringements for your previous vehicle in your name, you will need to submit a Nomination stating that you are no longer the owner of the vehicle. You will need to include details of the buyer and proof that you transferred the registration to the buyer.
If you have sold your car, both you and the buyer are required to provide information to VicRoads for the registration to be transferred successfully. You may be liable for any traffic offences that the buyer incurs if the registration is not transferred.
Further information about the transferring of registration is available at VicRoads.
If you, as the seller, receive traffic infringements for your previous vehicle in your name, you will need to submit a Nomination stating that you were not driving and are no longer the owner of the vehicle. You will need to include details of the buyer and proof that you transferred the registration to the buyer.
If your car was registered in Victoria and you sold it in another state, you should also notify VicRoads of the transfer of the vehicle. On the VicRoads website, see: Transfer a vehicle to/from interstate for more information and to download a transfer form.
If you need to nominate the responsible driver for your fine, you must do it early – otherwise you will be liable for the fine and demerit points may be applied to your licence.
Once the fine progresses to Notice of Final Demand stage, it is too late to nominate, except in limited circumstances. See Nominate the responsible driver to learn more.
Fines should not be paid if you intend to nominate the responsible driver. This is stated on all infringement notices. Once you nominate, a new notice will be issued to the nominated driver for them to pay.
If you have paid but you need to nominate, you can download and complete an Infringement Nomination form (for fines with a Victoria Police logo) or Nomination form (for fines with a Transport Safety Victoria logo).
This larger amount is to encourage companies to nominate the responsible driver, so that demerit points can be applied.
For some offences, company vehicles are issued with a body corporate infringement notice, which is much larger than the fine given to an individual.
As companies do not have a driver licence on which to apply demerit points, an authorised officer of the company must therefore nominate the person who was driving.
If the nomination is accepted, the infringement notice will be reissued to the responsible driver at the individual amount relevant to the offence, and the demerit points will be applied to their licence.
Once the fine progresses to Notice of Final Demand stage, nominating a driver is not an option and the company will therefore be liable for the fine. Companies that fail to nominate a driver three or more times within a 12-month period may be fined close to $20,000.
See nominations for more information.
Once a fine is registered with Fines Victoria it does not expire and can be enforced at any time.
If you received a fine that does not belong to anyone living at your address, you do not need to pay the fine and you will not be held liable for it. The person whose name is on the fine is the one responsible.
You can send the fine back in the post, marked 'Return to Sender'. If Fines Victoria can establish an updated address, records will be amended accordingly.
The law requires you to update your address with VicRoads within 14 days of changing your address.
Please send a copy of the death certificate (or coroner's report if applicable) to us, along with the details of the fine(s).
Use our Online Enquiry form – select ‘Other’ then select ‘The person named on the matter is deceased’.
Submit by post
GPO Box 1916
MELBOURNE VIC 3001
When we receive the death certificate, we will close the fines registered with us, and take no further action to enforce them.
If you need to speak to us, please note that information regarding the deceased person's matters can only be provided to the person listed as the next of kin on the death certificate or to the executor of the estate.
If you are the next of kin or executor for a deceased person, you can apply to Fines Victoria to nominate another person, such as the person who was driving the deceased person's vehicle.
To nominate another person, send us a certified copy of your authority to represent the deceased person (for example, a death certificate listing you as next of kin, or evidence that you are the executor of the deceased's estate) and a nomination statement signed by you.
If you don't yet have a death certificate or Coroner's report, you may write to us with as much information as you have available.
All Victorian fixed digital, mobile, and point-to-point road safety cameras are tested annually by an independent testing officer in accordance with the Road Safety (General) Regulations 2009.
You can find out more about the testing of cameras on the Cameras Save Lives website.
Some fixed road safety cameras enforce red light offences only, while others detect both red light and speed.
In-road sensors are used at an intersection to detect if a vehicle crosses over the stop line against a red traffic light. This triggers the camera to take an image.
The camera is designed to take 2 images of an offending vehicle that combine to prove that it:
The camera also captures the time elapsed between a traffic light turning red and the vehicle entering the intersection.
If a light turns red while you are already in the intersection, you will not be issued a fine (the camera is only activated by a vehicle driving over the stop line after the light has turned red).
You can find out more on the Cameras Save Lives website.
Before a speeding fine is issued, each offence is scrutinised thoroughly.
Fixed road safety cameras can monitor multiple lanes of traffic with the use of sensors embedded into the road surface or radar technology.
In addition, offences are reviewed by two qualified independent officers, who must agree that an offence has occurred for the matter to proceed. The fine is only issued once Victoria Police has then assessed the matter and is satisfied that an offence has occurred.
You can find out more about the speed verification process on the Cameras Save Lives website.
Both the Hume Freeway and Peninsula Link camera systems enforce point-to-point (calculated average speed) and instantaneous speed (the speed as detected at the location of a camera).
If you have more than one time-stamp on your offence photo, it is likely you were fined because your average speed between two cameras on the freeway was higher than the speed limit.
The point-to-point cameras on the Hume Freeway and Peninsula Link determine vehicle speed by taking time-stamped, digital photographs of all vehicles and calculating the time taken to travel between one camera site and the next. The average speed is calculated by time-over-distance. If the average speed exceeds the speed limit, a fine is issued.
The distance between two road safety camera sites is measured with accuracy, using licensed surveyor's survey certificates. You can find a copy of the survey certificates on the Victorian Government's Cameras Save Lives website.
Red light offence photographs of alleged offences can have the same time stamps if the photographs are taken less than one second apart.
In this instance, the first photograph is taken when a vehicle enters an intersection after the light has turned red. The second is taken when a vehicle reaches a designated point in the intersection. If the second photograph is triggered less than one second after the first, the two images can display the same time stamp.
Vehicles travelling faster through a red light are more likely to have the same time stamps on the fine photo.
If you see a road safety camera flash and you are certain you were not speeding or driving against a red light or red arrow, do not panic.
There are a couple of reasons why the camera may have flashed:
You can find out more at the Cameras Save Lives website.
If you would like to suggest a location for a fixed road safety camera, you can submit a Suggest a Camera Location online form to the Fixed Camera Site Selection Committee (Committee).
The Committee is chaired by Victoria Police and has representatives from Department of Transport and the Department of Justice and Community Safety.
When considering camera requests, the Committee also considers whether other road safety measures may be more suitable. This includes:
Bankruptcy is a legal process where a person is declared unable to pay their debts. When a person is declared bankrupt, a person (known as a trustee) is appointed to manage their bankruptcy. The law of bankruptcy is governed by the Bankruptcy Act 1966 (Cth).
A person is normally bankrupt for three years and one day.
The Director can enforce:
The bankrupt person is responsible for these fines and retains the right to deal with them. If these fines are outstanding, the Director can enforce the fines including by applying sanctions (for example, driver and vehicle sanctions) or by applying for a warrant.
The Director cannot enforce registered infringement fines with an offence date before the person became bankrupt and that are at the enforcement and warrant stage of the Infringement Fines Life Cycle (for example, a person who was declared bankrupt on 25 March 2020 and received a speeding fine on 3 April 2019).
The Director cannot take steps to enforce these fines, however the bankrupt person retains the right to deal with them if they want to. The bankrupt should seek advice from a financial counsellor or a lawyer before making arrangements to pay fines that cannot be enforced by the Director.
Enforcement agencies can enforce infringement fines that are not registered with the Director, such as by taking the person to court or taking other action. The bankrupt is responsible for these fines and retains the right to deal with them. These are fines at the infringement stage of the Infringement Fines Lifecycle.
The bankrupt should contact the enforcement agency and advise them of their bankruptcy as soon as possible.
The person (or their authorised representative), the Australian Financial Security Authority (AFSA) or the bankrupt's trustee in bankruptcy can notify Fines Victoria.
The person making the notification must provide Fines Victoria with:
If this information is not provided, there could be some delays with processing the notification.
Fines Victoria will:
If all the bankruptcy information is provided, the notification will usually be actioned within three business days.
Yes, the fines (subject to bankruptcy) will not be enforced during the person's term of bankruptcy.
No, registered fines sit with the Director and cannot be enforced by the enforcement agency.
Enforcement agencies cannot deregister a fine, however they can ask the Director to refer the fine back to them. The Director will only refer a fine back to the enforcement agency if the Director considers it is appropriate to do so.
The Director will consider any debt agreement provided by a person as an alternative to bankruptcy.
If a person enters into a debt agreement and the Director of Fines Victoria is listed on the agreement, the Director will honour the terms of the debt agreement, provided that unpaid fines are treated substantially the same as any other unsecured creditor.
If the debt agreement is subsequently terminated, enforcement action will continue for any unpaid fines.
The Director will consider a personal insolvency agreement (PIA) under the Bankruptcy Act if it is accepted by a majority of creditors.
If a person has a PIA (as described above) they will be treated similarly to a bankrupt. If the PIA is subsequently terminated, enforcement action will continue for any unpaid fines.
It is important to note that while bankruptcy may lead to certain infringement fines being unenforceable under the Fines Reform Act 2014 (Vic), the Director may seek to recover these fines by proving the debt under the Bankruptcy Act.
It is not proposed that the Director would routinely seek to prove fine debts. There may however be cases where the Director considers it appropriate to do so.
AFSA, the bankrupt or their representative are advised to notify the Director when the bankruptcy period ends so the fines can be written off. They should also provide supporting information so these notifications can be processed quickly.
When the Director becomes aware that the person's bankruptcy period has ended, infringement fines registered with the Director with an offence date before the person became bankrupt will no longer be enforceable.
Yes, a bankrupt person can still deal with their fines by:
There may be some eligibility criteria. Visit Family Violence Scheme for more information on these options.
Before taking any of the actions listed above, the bankrupt person may wish to consider whether it is likely that the Director or enforcement agency will enforce the fine, noting that:
To learn more about bankruptcy or to get financial advice and information, visit:
For general information on how bankruptcy operates under the Fines Reform Act, please call (03) 9200 8222 between 8am and 6pm weekdays, except public holidays.